This is a comprehensive project evaluation problem bringing together much of what you have learned in this and previous chapters. Suppose you have been hired as a financial consultant to Defense Electronics, Inc. (DEI), a large, publicly traded firm that is the market share leader in radar detection systems (RDSs). The company is looking at setting up a manufacturing plant overseas to produce a new line of RDSs. This will be a five-year project. The company bought some land three years ago for $3.9 million in anticipation of using it as a toxic dump site for waste chemicals, but it built a piping system to safely discard the chemicals instead. The land was appraised last week for $4.4 million on an after-tax basis. In five years, the after-tax value of the land will be $4.8 million, but the company expects to keep the land for a future project. The company wants to build its new manufacturing plant on this land; the plant and equipment will cost $37 million to build. The following market data on DEI’s securities are current:
Debt: 210,000 6.4 percent coupon bonds outstanding, 25 years to maturity, selling for 110 percent of par; the bonds have a $1,000 par value each and make semiannual payments.
Common stock: 8,300,000 shares outstanding, selling for $68 per share; the beta is 1.3.
Preferred stock:450,000 shares of 4.5 percent preferred stock outstanding, selling for $79 per share.
Market: 6 percent expected market risk premium; 3.5 percent risk-free rate.
DEI uses HSOB as its lead underwriter. Wharton charges DEI spreads of 10 percent on new common stock issues, 6 percent on new preferred stock issues, and 4 percent on new debt issues. HSOB has included all direct and indirect issuance costs (along with its profit) in setting these spreads. HSOB has recommended to DEI that it raise the funds needed to build the plant by issuing new shares of common stock. DEI’s tax rate is 32 percent. The project requires $1,300,000 in initial net working capital investment to get operational. Assume DEI raises all equity for new projects externally.
1. Calculate the project’s initial Time 0 cash flow, taking into account all side effects. (This includes an adjustment for the flotation costs described in the above paragraph. The total costs will be the opportunity cost of the land, the cost of the building and the cost of the working capital. The cost of the building and working capital will require new financing and therefore finance costs. Thus the building and working capital must be adjusted for the flotation costs as discussed in section 14-7 of the 11th edition and 14-6 of the 10th edition of the text. It is not necessary to adjust the land costs since we already own the land.)
2. The new RDS project is somewhat riskier than a typical project for DEI, primarily because the plant is being located overseas. Management has told you to use an adjustment factor of +2 percent to account for this increased riskiness. Calculate the appropriate discount rate to use when evaluating DEI’s project. The manufacturing plant has an eight-year tax life, and DEI uses straight-line depreciation. At the end of the project (that is, the end of Year 5), the plant and equipment can be scrapped for $5.1 million. What is the after-tax salvage value of this plant and equipment? (Note the appropriate amount to depreciate is just the cost of the building of $37mm, NOT the cost of the building and the financing costs. Uncle Sam only allows depreciation on the actual cost.)
3. The company will incur $6,700,000 in annual fixed costs. The plan is to manufacture 15,300 RDSs per year and sell them at $11,450 per machine; the variable production costs are $9,500 per RDS. What is the annual operating cash flow (OCF) from this project? Remember in year 5 that besides the cash flows from operation, you also get the salvage, tax benefit, land and the working capital back. Note that while the WC outlay includes the financing costs, the amount back in time 5 will only be the WC amount. So the outlay for WC is 1,300,000 plus financing costs, but you only recover the $1,300,000 since the financing costs have been paid out to your underwriter.
4. Finally, DEI’s president wants you to throw all your calculations, assumptions, and everything else into the report for the chief financial officer; all he wants to know is what the RDS project’s internal rate of return (IRR) and net present value (NPV) are. What will you report?
1. The yield to maturity (annual) for the bond is: (enter as a decimal to 4 places)
2. The market value of debt in dollars is: (enter answer without commas, $ sign and NO decimals)
3. The weight or proportion of debt is: (enter as a decimal to 4 places)
4. The weighted average cost of capital with the 2% adjustment is: (enter as a decimal to 4 places)
5. The total financing cost (total cost – original cost) is: Enter the data without commas, $ signs or decimals)
6. The earning before tax and depreciation is: (Enter the data without commas, $ signs or decimals)
7. The total outlay in Time 0 including flotation costs is: (Enter the data without commas, $ signs or decimals)
8. What is the IRR of the project? (used decimals to 4 places)