FACTORS THAT IMPACT POPULATION HEALTH
While nursing care has traditionally been centered on individuals, the emerging focus of population health allows nurses to take a broader view for improving health outcomes. This wider perspective means that nurses may now examine a range of factors that influence populations as a whole, rather than focus solely on individual patients.
This week, you will evaluate factors that impact population health, and thus, the health care system. These factors include access to health care, individual behavior, the social and physical environment, and genetics. You will also consider the role of epidemiologic data in the process of evaluating the health of a population.
U.S. History.org. (2010). The electric Ben Franklin. Retrieved from http://www.ushistory.org/franklin/quotable/quote67.htm
*Analyze factors that influence a population health issue
*Apply the use of epidemiologic data to the design of population health measures and policy initiatives
Did you know that the United States has a higher rate of infant mortality than Japan (CIA, n.d.)? Or, as
Dr. Beilenson states in this week’s media presentation, that “your zip code that you live in makes these differences in health outcomes?
To effectively develop policies and programs to improve population health, it is useful to use a framework to guide the process. Different organizations and governmental agencies (for example, Healthy People 2020) have created a variety of such frameworks, which establish measures for assessing population health. These measures frequently are derived from the examination of epidemiologic data, which include key measures of population health such as mortality, morbidity, life expectancy, etc. Within each measure are a variety of progress indicators that use epidemiologic data to assess improvement or change.
For this Discussion, you will apply a framework developed by Kindig, Asada, and Booske (2008) to a population health issue of interest to you. This framework includes five key health determinants that should be considered when developing policies and programs to improve population health: access to health care, individual behavior, social environment, physical environment, and genetics.
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